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 CORRUPTION CONTINUES TO COST OPPORTUNITIES FOR WORLD’S POOR

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AuteurMessage
mihou
Rang: Administrateur
mihou

Nombre de messages : 8092
Localisation : Washington D.C.
Date d'inscription : 28/05/2005

CORRUPTION CONTINUES TO COST OPPORTUNITIES FOR WORLD’S POOR Empty
03082006
MessageCORRUPTION CONTINUES TO COST OPPORTUNITIES FOR WORLD’S POOR

CORRUPTION CONTINUES TO COST OPPORTUNITIES FOR WORLD’S POOR
G8 still far from fulfilling anti-corruption promises,
St Petersburg / Berlin , 13 July 2006

On fighting domestic and international corruption and in supporting good governance at home and abroad, the Group of Eight

(G8) has made advances but still has promises to fulfil. Transparency International (TI) reminds the G8 leaders of their past

commitments and cautions that those represent an absolute minimum for further action.

“Despite the regrettable failure to include poverty and development on this year’s summit agenda, the G8 must not lose

ground in fulfilling its commitment to the fight against corruption as a central pillar of poverty reduction,” said Huguette

Labelle, chair of Transparency International. “Beyond its damaging systemic effects on economic development, corruption

eats into the effective delivery of education, healthcare and infrastructure. Millions of lives would be made better through

their clean, transparent provision.”

In the new millennium, G8 members, recognising corruption as the primary obstacle to development, have repeatedly pledged

to improve financial management and accountability and support better governance in the poorest countries; fortify financial

markets against abuse; and crack down on corrupt behaviour, at home and abroad, by companies based in G8 countries.

“Promises don’t reduce corruption; actions do. Taking the public pledge gets you the headlines, but real people the world

over are waiting for those promises to be fulfilled,” stated David Nussbaum, Chief Executive of Transparency International.

Corruption and the fight against poverty

Most recently, the G8 summit at Gleneagles was notable for its heavy focus on Africa and development. Issues of governance

and corruption loomed large. Echoing the G8 Action Plan on Fighting Corruption and Improving Transparency launched at the

2003 Evian Summit, a number of pledges were made, including:

* Support for the African Peer Review Mechanism (APRM) that, among other things, represents an Africa-based tool for

monitoring improvements in governance; Germany has pledged its financial support;
* Support for greater transparency in public financial management;
* Support for African partner countries in ratifying the African Union Anti-Corruption Convention;
* Identification, freezing and repatriation of assets gained through corrupt means;
* Commitment to work vigorously for early ratification of the UN Convention against Corruption and to pursue mechanisms

for its effective implementation;
* Increased support for the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI).

One year on, some progress has been made. France, Russia and the United Kingdom have ratified the UN Convention against

Corruption; Canada, Germany, Italy, Japan, and United States have yet to ratify, though some are moving in that direction.

However, more action is needed. All remaining G8 countries should ratify the UN Convention against Corruption. The EITI

needs greater material support in order to consolidate its achievements, improve implementation and attract the support of

additional governments and companies.

Foreign bribery by companies based in G8 countries

In line with their Gleneagles and Evian commitments, G8 governments should vigorously enforce OECD Anti-Bribery

Convention by swiftly prosecuting companies that pay bribes to foreign public officials. Although the US and France have

significantly increased the number of prosecutions in the past year, and Germany has a few pending prosecutions, of the

other G8 signatories (Russia is not a signatory), Japan and the United Kingdom have brought no prosecutions at all, and

Canada and Italy have only brought one each. This is a shockingly low level of enforcement for countries that account for a

substantial share of the world’s trade and investment.

Following up on their Gleneagles commitments, G8 countries should also report on the extent to which they are cooperating

with African governments to ensure prosecution of those engaged in bribery and bribe solicitation.

Increased aid and debt relief

As aid and debt relief for the world’s poorest countries is ramped up, Transparency International urges recipient and donor

nations to ensure that assistance takes place within a framework of mutual accountability. In countries with weak public

financial management and accounting systems, this should include a time-bound programme of measures that can be

monitored and that enables involvement of local citizens in all steps of the aid cycle, from needs assessment to monitoring

the use of funds, to implementation.

Notes to editors:

Africa Progress Panel
Peter Eigen, founder of Transparency International and Chairman of its Advisory Council, was appointed by British Prime

Minister Tony Blair on 26 June to serve on the independent Africa Progress Panel, which is headed by UN Secretary

General Kofi Annan, includes Sir Bob Geldof, and is funded by Microsoft President Bill Gates. It is intended to ensure that

the G8’s promises on governance and aid are not forgotten once the frenzy of a summit dies down. In the coming months, the

panel will take up its mission to ensure that G8 commitments are not just an exercise in global public relations, but produce

concrete and substantial gains for those most in need.

Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative
The Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI) is a voluntary programme that supports improved governance in

resource-rich countries through the full publication and verification of company payments and government revenues from oil,

gas and mining.

Media Contacts:

Russia:
Jesse Garcia
Tel: +49-171-42-10-789

Berlin/Germany
Sarah Tyler
Tel: +49-30-3438 2061/19
Gypsy Guillen-Kaiser
Fax: +49-30-3470 3912
Tel.: +49-30-3438-20 666/19
Fax: +49-30-3470 3912
press@transparency.org
http://www.transparency.org/news_room/latest_news/press_releases/2006/2006_07_13_g8_far_from_fulllfilling_ac_pr

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