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 Successful Breastfeeding ...And Successful Alternative

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Nombre de messages : 1737
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Date d'inscription : 01/06/2005

MessageSujet: Successful Breastfeeding ...And Successful Alternative   Mer 26 Avr - 18:59

REFERENCES

1. Y Takemura and others. Relaton between Breastfeeding and the Prevalence of Asthma: The Tokorozawa Childhood Asthma and Pollinosis Study. American Journal of Epidemiology. July 2001;154(2):11509.
2. C Male and others. Prevalence of iron deficiency in 12-mo-old infants from 11 European areas and influence of dietary factors on iron status (Euro-growth study). Acta Paediatrics. May 2001;90(5):492-8.
3. I Hardell and A C Dreifaldt. Breastfeeding duration and the risk of malignant diseases in childhood in Sweden. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition. March 2001;55(3):179-85.
4. K W Wefring and others. Nasal congestion and earache - upper respiratory tract infections in 4-year-old children. Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. April 30, 2001;121(11):1329-32.
5. M R Neifert. Prevention of breastfeeding tragedies. Pediatric Clinics of North America. April 2001;48(2):273-97.
6. M W Gillman and others. Risk of overweight among adolescents who were breastfed as infants. Journal of the American Medical Association. May 16, 2001;285(19):2461-7.
7. M C Temboury and others. Influence of breastfeeding on the infant's intellectual development. Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition. Jan 1994;18(1):32-36; N K Angelsen and others. Breast feeding and cognitive development at age 1 and 5 years. Archives of Diseases of Children. September 2001;85(3):183-188; C Agostini and others. Breastfeeding duration, milk fat composition and developmental indices at 1 year of life among breastfed infants. Prostaglandins, Leukotrines and Essential Fatty Acids. February 2001;64(2):105-109.
8. Nutrition During Pregnancy and Lactation, Subcommittee for a Clinical Application Guide, Committee on Nutritional Status During Pregnancy and Lactation, Food and Nutrition Board, Insititute of Medicine, National Academy of Sciences, Washington, DC 1992
9. Letter from Dawn Pomponio, RN Campbell River, BC, Canada.
10. B Koletzko and others. Long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC-PUFA) and perinatal development. Acta Paediatrics. April 2001;90(4):460-4.
11. Z Y Chen and others. Breast Milk Fatty Acid Composition: A comparative Study Between Hong Kong and Chongqing Chinese. Lipids.1997;32(10):1061-1067.
12. M L Garg and others. Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology (FASEB) Journal, 1988, 2:4:A852; R M Oliart Ros and others. Meeting Abstracts. American Oil Chemists Society Proceedings.May 1998, 7, Chicago, IL.
13. R G Jensen. Lipids in Human Milk. Lipids. December 1999;34(12):1243-1271.
14. F R Greer. Do breastfed infants need supplemental vitamins? Pediatric Clinics of North America. April 2001;48(2):415-23.
15. F A Balogun and others. A Comparative Study of Elemental Composition of Human Breast Milk and Infant Milk Substututes. Biological Trace Element Research, G N Schrauzer, ed. Humana Press, Inc. 1994, pages 471-479.
16. V S Packard. Human Milk and Infant Formula. Academic Press, New York, NY, 1982.
17. C A Lovelady and others. Effect of energy restriction and exercise on vitamin B-6 status of women during lactation. Medical Science, Sports and Exercise. April 2001;33(4):512-8.
18. S Fallon and M G Enig, PhD. Vitamin A Vagary.
19. R J Stoltzfus. Vitamin A and Lactation in Indonesian Women. Ann Arbor, MI 1992.
20. Vitamin B12 Deficiency in the Breastfed Infant of a Strict Vegetarian. Nutrition Reviews. May 1979;37(5):142-144.
21. S Reddy and others. The influence of maternal vegetarian diet on essential fatty acid status of the newborn. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition. May, 1994;48(5)358-368
22. L J Filer. Relationship of nutrition to lactation and newborn development. Nutritional impacts on women: throughout life with emphasis on reproduction. K S Moghissi and T N Evans, Eds. Harper and Row, Hagerstown, MD, 1977.
23. U Hoppu and others. Breast milk - immunomodulatory signals against allergic diseases. Allergy. April 2001;56 suppl 67:23-6.
24. M G Enig. Trans Fatty Acids in the Food Supply: A Comprehensive Report Covering 60 Years of Research, 2nd Edition, Enig Associates, Inc, Silver Spring, MD, 1995.
25. Kenneth D R Setchell and others. Exposure of infants to phyto-oestrogens from soy-based infant formula. The Lancet. July 5, 1997;350:23-27.
26. P Vadas and others. Detection of peanut allergens in breast milk of lactating women. Journal of the American Medical Association. April 4, 2001;285(13):1746-8.
27. N Baumslag and D L Michels. Milk, Money and Madness: The Culture and Politics of Breastfeeding. Bergin & Garvey, Westport, CT, 1995.
28. M G Rowland and A A Paul. Factors affecting lactation capacity: implications for developing countries. Infant and Child Feeding. J T Bond and others, eds. Academic Press, New York, 1981.
29. N Baumslag and D L Michels. Milk, Money and Madness: The Culture and Politics of Breastfeeding.Bergin & Garvey, Westport, CT, 1995.
30. W A Price. Nutrition and Physical Degeneration. Price-Pottenger Nutrition Foundation, San Deigo, CA, 1945
31. N Baumslag and D L Michels. Milk, Money and Madness: The Culture and Politics of Breastfeeding.Bergin & Garvey, Westport, CT, 1995.
32. M Kaufmann. What's In Infant Formula? Washington Post Health. June 1, 1999, p 14.
33. B B Teter and others. Milk Fat Depression in C57B1/6J Mice Consuming Partially Hydrogenated Fat. Journal of Nutrition. 1990;120:818-824.
34. W A Price. Vitamins in Immunity and Growth. Journal of the American Dental Association. May 1930. Click here to read an excerpt.
35. F T Proudfit. Nutrition and Diet Therapy. Eighth Edition. The MacMillan Company, New York, 1942, p 259.

SIDEBAR ARTICLES
DIET FOR PREGNANT WOMEN AND NURSING MOTHERS

Cod liver oil to supply 10,000-20,000 IU vitamin A daily
2 8-ounce glasses whole milk daily, preferably raw and from pasture-fed cows
4 tablespoons butter daily, preferably from pasture-fed cows
2 or more eggs daily, preferably from pastured chickens
Additional egg yolks daily, added to smoothies, salad dressings, scrambled eggs, etc.
3-4 ounces fresh liver, once or twice per week
Fresh seafood, 2-4 times per week, particularly wild salmon, shellfish and fish eggs
Fresh beef or lamb daily, always consumed with the fat
Oily fish or lard daily, for vitamin D
2 tablespoons coconut oil daily, used in cooking or smoothies, etc.
Lacto-fermented condiments and beverages
Bone broths used in soups, stews and sauces
Soaked whole grains
Fresh vegetables and fruits

AVOID: Trans fatty acids, junk foods, commercial fried foods, sugar, white flour, soft drinks, caffeine, alcohol, cigarettes and drugs (even prescription drugs).
MYTHS AND TRUTHS ABOUT BREASTFEEDING

MYTH: Every woman can breastfeed successfully.
TRUTH: Even in traditional societies, a portion of the women did not have adequate milk supply. When a wet nurse was unavailable, babies of mothers with inadequate milk supply were given milk of cows, goats, sheep, water buffalo, camels, reindeer or llamas.

MYTH: Most diets provide adequate nutrition for nursing mothers. There is no need for nursing women to add special foods to their diets.
TRUTH: Human milk will be lacking in vitamins A, D, B12 and other fat soluble vitamin if the mother's diet is poor. Human milk will also lack long-chain fatty acids if these are not present in adequate amounts in the mother's diet. In addition, mothers on calorie-restricted diets will have lower levels of fat and lactose in their milk. Weston Price found that in traditional societies, women continued to consume special foods during the lactation period.

MYTH: Breastfeeding can prevent dental problems such as crowded teeth, underdeveloped jaw, etc.
TRUTH: The development of the face and jaw depends on the nutrients available to the child from preconception through childhood. Breastfed children can have dental deformities if their nutrition in the womb and the breast milk they received were lacking in nutrients.
TIPS FOR SUCCESSFUL BREASTFEEDING

Follow the Diet for Pregnant Women and Nursing Mothers), ideally from before conception. Eat plenty of food. When you are breastfeeding, it is no time to diet!

Try to arrange to have good help for the first four weeks after the baby is born so that you will have adequate rest. Husband, grandparents, relatives, friends, housekeepers or even a professional baby nurse should be on hand so that the nursing mother can concentrate on getting optimal nourishment and plenty of sleep.

Fermented foods and beverages, and porridges of soaked grains, are said to increase milk supply.

If you have any qualms or fears about not having enough milk, assemble the ingredients for homemade formula, and purchase the Lact-Aid breastfeeding support system so that you have what you need to provide a nourishing supplement, if that is required. Sometimes just a few days of supplementing using the Lact-Aid can increase milk flow, and just having the supplies on hand can be enough to give you the peace of mind that allows your milk to keep flowing. While you are pregnant, be sure to scout out the best quality milk available in your area—you will need this for yourself, and for the baby after weaning, even if the breastfeeding goes well.

If, in spite of these measures, your milk supply dries up, don't feel guilty. You have done the best you could and your baby can still grow up healthy, strong and smart on a homemade, whole foods baby formula.
WHEN BREASTFEEDING MAY NOT BE BEST

GALACTOSEMIA: This is a rare genetic disorder in which the infant cannot digest galactose. The child will die if it is breastfed.

VEGANISM: The milk of vegan mothers will be lacking in vitamin B12 and important long-chain fatty acids. If a vegan mother insists on breastfeeding, her baby's diet should be supplemented with cod liver oil, egg yolks and liver, all animal foods.

JUNK FOOD DIET: Junk foods full of trans fatty acids will reduce the fat content of mothers' milk and cause trans fatty acids to be present in mothers' milk. Homemade whole food baby formula will be more nutritious than the milk of mothers on a junk food diet.

INSUFFICIENT MILK SUPPLY: This is uncommon, but not as rare as is indicated in the medical literature. A supplemental homemade formula should be given using the Lact-Aid breastfeeding aid (www.lact-aid.com).

ADOPTED BABIES: It has been reported that breast milk has been stimulated in non-biologic mothers, but this is rare. Adopted babies should be given homemade baby formula.
WHEN BREASTFEEDING IS FINE,
IN SPITE OF WHAT THE DOCTORS SAY

PHENYLKETONURIA: This is a rare genetic disorder in which the infant must avoid phenylalanine, an amino acid. With careful medical supervision, these children have been successfully breastfed in combination with a phenylalanine-free protein substitute.

HIV POSITIVE: Mothers who test HIV positive are told not to breastfeed. But a South African study found that the HIV virus is not passed to breastfeeding infants when the mother's diet contains sufficient vitamin A Other studies have found that a low viral load also prevents transmission from mother to child.

DIABETES: Although diabetic mothers are often warned not to breastfeed, breastfeeding actually diminishes complications in the infants of diabetic mothers. Once again, adequate maternal nutrition is vital.
LA LECHE LEAGUE

Founded in 1956, La Leche League is considered the world's foremost authority on breastfeeding. The organization offers information and support in sixty countries around the world for mothers who choose to breastfeed their babies. They have lobbied for the rights of mothers to nurse on the job and in public places, and they conduct support groups for nursing mothers of all income levels.

No one can dispute the service that La Leche League has performed in raising awareness of the benefits of breastfeeding. However, the organization is also the most influential proponent of the fallacy that "all mothers can nurse successfully." Furthermore, they have down-played the influence of diet on the quality of mothers' milk. In fact, their literature denies the role of human milk fat in the development of the nervous system.

The organization has also failed to use their influence to warn mothers about factors that can compromise the quality of their milk. When Dr. Bev Teter discovered that dietary trans fatty acids can lower the fat content of mothers' milk, she immediately contacted La Leche League so that they could warn all nursing mothers to avoid them. La Leche League did not respond, perhaps because they did not understand the role of fats in the development of the infant. They also ignored the input of another concerned scientist, that mercury from amalgam fillings can cause high levels of mercury in human milk.

Source: http://www.westonaprice.org/children/breastfeed.html
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